Category Archives: French Wine Explorers

The Answer is 33. What is the Question?

Burgundy 2011

Photos by Kathy Merchant, 2011

How many Grand Cru vineyards are there in Bourgogne?

The answer is not as straightforward as you might think. This is France, after all, where complexity rules the day. Some resources, including Remington Norman MW (author of Grand Cru: The Great Wines of Burgundy, 2011) and Sylvain Pitiot (author of The Wines of Burgundy in 2012 and formerly winemaker at Clos de Tart) declared 32 Grand Crus. The Wine Scholar Guild builds its list of 33 Grand Crus on labelling regulations. And there is a vote of confidence for 34 in the Oxford Companion to Wine. Among these resources, there is agreement only on this: in Chablis, there is one Grand Cru (encompassing seven climats).

Our gentle dispute lies within the Côte d’Or. The confusion comes primarily from two places, both owing to the use of communal boundaries in labeling.

 

Cote de Nuits

In the northern region of Côte de Nuits, the Bonnes Mares Grand Cru straddles two communes — Morey-Saint-Denis and Chambolle-Musigny — and is sometimes counted as two Grand Cru vineyards. It is not recognized or counted as such by the officials who govern Burgundy wine production and labeling. Bonnes Mares is just Bonnes Mares. But be sure to look for the commune name on the label if you happen to love the wines of a particular place.

Cote de Beaune

In the southern region of Côte de Beaune, three Grand Cru vineyards are partially overlapping: Corton, Charlemagne and Corton-Charlemagne. At the time that Norman and Pitiot published their respective seminal works on Burgundy, Charlemagne was not used in alone in labeling. While the area of production for appellation Corton-Charlemagne includes the cru name Charlemagne, it was not then claimed or used alone in labeling. That has changed. Charlemagne is a white-only appellation within the communes of Aloxe-Corton and Pernand-Vergelesses.

And finally, the approved list:

Cote de Nuits
1.       Bonnes Mares
2.      Chambertin
3.      Chambertin-Clos de Bèze
4.      Chapelle-Chambertin
5.      Charmes-Chambertin
6.      Clos de la Roche
7.       Clos de Tart (monopole)
8.      Clos de Vougeot
9.      Clos des Lambrays (monopole)
10.   Clos Saint-Denis
11.    Echezeaux
12.   (La) Grande Rue
13.   Grands Echezeaux
14.   Griotte-Chambertin
15.   Latricières-Chambertin
16.   Mazis-Chambertin
17.   Mazoyères-Chambertin
18.   Musigny
19.   Richebourg
20.  (La) Romanee
21.   Romanée Conti (monopole)
22.  Romanée Saint-Vivant
23.  Ruchottes-Chambertin (monopole)
24.  La Tache (monopole)

Cote de Beaune
1.       Bâtard-Montrachet
2.    Bienvenues-Bâtard-Montrachet
3.      Charlemagne
4.      Chevalier-Montrachet
5.      Corton
6.      Corton Charlemagne
7.       Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet
8.      Montrachet

Chablis Grand Cru

Note: edited and consolidated from two articles previously written for French Wine Explorers blog (2012).

Barolo and Barbaresco

The Nebbiolo-based wines of Piedmont Italy are some of the finest in the world. Enjoy this limited selection of wineries from Barolo and Barbaresco DOCGs. Although the French Wine Explorers “Treasures of Tuscany and Piedmont” tour is sold out for 2018, stay tuned for future offerings to taste these treasures in person!

http://www.wine-tours-france.com/find-nebbiolo-wines/

Tuscan Food and Wine Pairings

 

Pici Pasta

‘Tis the season to be eating (and drinking) well! The traditional food and great wines of Tuscany will add depth and warmth to your holiday entertaining!

Enjoy this piece written for French Wine Explorers, and check out the new tour of Tuscany and Piedmont in September 2018.

http://www.wine-tours-france.com/tuscan-wine-and-food-pairings/

Photo credit Pinterest

Barbaresco vs. Barolo: What’s the Difference?

In my most recent article written for French Wine Explorers, I explore the subtle but important differences between Barbaresco and Barolo winegrowing regions and the resulting styles of wine. Spoiler alert: it’s mostly the Mother Nature factors, but there are a few winemaker choices and aging rules that also explain style differences. Enjoy the story, but more importantly, love the wine! Even better, join French Wine Explorers for the 2018 “Treasures of Tuscany and Piedmont” tour! Kathy Merchant

http://www.wine-tours-france.com/barbaresco-vs-barolo/

Italian Wine Labels

What’s actually in the bottle? Does the wine label tell you the place, the grape, or both? I hope you will enjoy my recent article, written for American wine travel company French Wine Explorers, to demystify the various ways Italian wine labels explain the product within.

http://www.wine-tours-france.com/italian-wine-label/

What Makes a Super Tuscan?

Enjoy this short piece on the history of Super Tuscan wines, featuring a profile of Ornellaia, published by French Wine Explorers.

http://www.wine-tours-france.com/super-tuscan/